Charging power optimisation for electric buses at terminals

Bálint Csonka

Last modified: 2021-05-07


Charging infrastructure has a key role in the operation of electric buses in public transportation. In this paper, mixed-integer linear programming was used to model the bus service and capture the relationship among the network characteristics, vehicles, and charging unit attributes. The model supports the charging power optimisation at terminals to reduce the total operating costs of electric buses and charging units. The model was applied for the bus network of Kőbánya, Budapest. It was found that despite using more expensive high-power chargers, the total cost is lower because of the lower number of electric buses. It was also found that higher charging power does not affect the total cost significantly if it is higher than 350kW.


electric bus, static charger, charging power, optimisation